A brief outlook on The Indian textile industry
At a broader level Indian Textile Industry can be divided into two categories: Organized and Unorganized.
Despite India being an emerging economy, the Indian Textile Industry is largely unorganized and still relies largely on traditional means in cloth manufacturing and is also highly labor intensive in nature. The clothes are produced with the help of hands via weaving and spinning methods.
The remaining half of the industry is very much organized with high importance endowed on capital intensive production processes. The sector depends on sophisticated mills by way of which technologically superior machines are utilized for mass production of textile products.
Further classification of Indian Textile Industry
• Textile industry employing fiber derived from man made means or natural cotton.
• Yarn industry using fiber or filament, similar to the man made variety
• Textile industry centered on production of wool, its offshoots and woolen products.
• Textile industry based on production and processing of Jute.
• Textile industry centered on mass production of natural silk and final products from silk
• Handloom Industry
• Handicrafts industry which is primarily unorganized in nature
The textile industry employing fiber derived from man made means or natural cotton.
This sector is looked upon as the largest producer of textile products. In terms of employment opportunities, the sector employs maximum number of people in the entire industry which is said to be around a mind-boggling one million workers. According to the latest estimates by Ministry of Textiles, the total number of mills in this particular sector stood at 1818 in number. The total capacity of all these mills total to
* 35.37 million spindles and * 0.45 million rotors In between April -December 2009, the production of cloth made from man-made fibre accelerated by 21.3 percent.
Spun Yarn industry can further be segregated into two sub-sectors:-
• Cotton Yarn Manufacturing industry: The production is directly related to the production of cotton on year-on-year basis, whose production in turn largely depends on the vagaries of nature. Therefore it is widely observed that the rate of production in this sector, more often than not fluctuates.
• Non cotton yarn producing industry
The industry is growing at an unprecedented speed for the rate of production in this sector has accelerated on a consistent basis. The period between 1999 and 2005, the capacity of this sector increased between 80 and 93 percent.
Organized sector is going through a rough patch and the reason cited being the tweaking of the structural set-up. Of late the weaving sector has been separated from the spinning sector causing the rise of powerlooms of decentralized nature. In the recent years the production capacity of the organized sector plummeted by 0.54 lakh between March 2000 and January 2007.
Nonetheless, the organized sector seems to be fairing better than unorganized one with a yearly growth rate of almost 5.4 percent.
Yarn industry utilizing fiber or filament can be divided into two divisions:-
• Industry type consisting production of cellulosic fibers or filaments
• Industry type consisting production of non-cellulosic fibers or filaments
Textile industry centered on production of wool, its offshoots and woolen products.
• Its export oriented
• Production base is mainly located in the rural areas
• Both organized as well as non-organized units dominate this sector.